Serological study on the presence of some alphaherpesviruses in goats of northern Anatolia, Turkey

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University 55270, Kurupelit Campus, Samsun. TURKEY

2 Virology Laboratory, Veterinary Control Institute, Samsun, TURKEY

3 Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University 55270, Kurupelit Campus, Samsun, TURKEY

4 Department of Preventive Medicine and Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Gadarif, 32211 Al-Qadarif. SUDAN

5 Department of Biometry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University 55270, Kurupelit Campus, Samsun, TURKEY

10.30466/vrf.2019.108448.2574

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of caprine herpes virus-1 (CpHV-1) and bovine herpes virus-1 (BoHV-1) in 269 goat sera collected from small-scale family farms located to 6 provinces within the black sea region of northern Turkey. The overall seropositivity for alphaherpesvirus in the native goats was found as 19.33% by using BoHV-1 gB-blocking ELISA. Additionally, the seroprevalence of BoHV-1 was determined in 5.20% of the goats by using virus neutralization test. To distinguish between CpHV-1 and BoHV-1, the combination of gB/gE–blocking ELISA tests were performed. Of tested samples, 15.24% were CpHV-1 seropositive, whereas 4.09% were BoHV-1 seropositive. The results indicate that CpHV-1 is in circulation among local goats of northern Turkey. Considering the close relationship between BoHV-1 and CpHV-1, the transmission of BoHV-1 via goats may also be one of the predisposing factors that help in the spread of the virus among the surrounding cattle.

Keywords



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 14 June 2021
  • Receive Date: 24 May 2019
  • Revise Date: 04 September 2019
  • Accept Date: 09 December 2019