Diagnosis and characterization of duck beak atrophy and dwarfism syndrome in Chongqing of China

Document Type: Clinical Report

Authors

1 Animal Diseases Rapid Diagnosis Center, Southwest University, Chongqing, China

2 Chongqing Sanjiezhongxin Bioengineering Co. Ltd., Chongqing, China

3 Chongqing Health-Forever Biotech Co. Ltd., Chongqing, China

Abstract

Duck beak atrophy and dwarfism syndrome (BADS) is a newly emerged disease in China since 2015. In October 2017, an unidentified disease occurred in Cherry Valley ducks, Chongqing municipality, the southwest of China. The affected birds showed short beak and growth retardation clinical signs. The disease caused approximately 20.00% morbidity and serious weight loss due to retarded growth. In order to identify the causative agent of BADS, liver, spleen, lung and heart samples were collected for virus isolation, hemagglutination test, PCR identification, and partial gene sequencing. The isolated virus was tentatively named SC16. Hemagglutination test indicated that the virus was negative to chicken red blood cells. Based on the PCR and sequencing results, the causative agent of BADS was a novel duck-origin goose parvovirus (DGPV) while no another co-infection pathogen was found in this case. Further analysis could provide insights into the control strategies of DGPV in ducks.

Keywords

Main Subjects

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