Ultrasound-guided induced fetal death, an alternative method for induction of abortion in the bitch

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Surgery and Radiology , Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Feto-Maternal Unit, Mahdyeh Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of surgery and radiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Tehren, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of surgery and radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This study was performed to achieve abortion in a short time and with minimum side effects in a bitch, as an alternative method for termination of unwanted pregnancy. The experimentation was performed on 10 privately owned crossbred pregnant bitches, in their late second trimester of pregnancy, having a variable number of fetuses (3 to 9). Fetal death was induced by transabdominal intracardiac injection of potassium chloride (KCl) into the fetal heart under ultrasonographic guidance. Pregnancy was terminated within 36 to 72 hr (51.60 ±16.04 hr) and none of the patients experienced any side effects or clinical complications. Data presented in this report provided evidence for the possible use of this technique to selectively reduce the number of canine fetuses without terminating the whole pregnancy. Ultrasound-guided induced fetal death is a safe procedure and a viable method for the induction of abortion in a short time and with no apparent side effects.

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