Document Type : Original Article
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico
Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico
Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Sciences and Arts of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico
Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Autonomous University of Baja California, Baja California, Mexico
Piglets suffer from diarrhea caused by the Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and can be carriers of the bacteria, with public health consequences in developing countries. The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence of STEC O157 in feces of 465 piglets and 54 food mixes from backyard systems, the antimicrobial susceptibility of STEC and the frequency of genes encoding extended-spectrum β-lactamases. The E. coli was isolated from 75.90 % of the evaluated feces. The STEC strains were identified in 33.11% of the sampled population and in 43.60% of the piglets carrying E. coli. Among STEC strains, the stx1 gene was the most frequent (22.30%). The rfbO157 gene was amplified in 47.40% of the STEC strains. High frequencies of STEC strains were not susceptible to ampicillin, carbenicillin and tetracycline. The blaTEM gene (52) was the most frequent among strains not susceptible to ampicillin. Class 1 integrons were the most frequent in those strains. Of the identified STEC strains, 48.70% were considered as multi-drug resistant and 1.90% were considered extensively drug resistant. In the supplied food, STEC O157 strains were identified in 25.00% of the STEC strains. We conclude that the piglets from backyard systems are carriers of STEC O157 strains not susceptible to common antibiotics, including penicillins and tetracyclines. In addition, supplied food is a source of this type of pathogenic bacteria. Through their direct contact with humans, the piglets and food represent a potential source of bacterial dissemination capable of producing gastrointestinal infections in humans.
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