Article publication charge (APC)

From March 15th , 2023, overseas manuscripts being accepted for publication in Veterinary Research Forum are subjected to pay a mandatory charge of 200.00 USD for all kinds of manuscripts, including Review/Original Articles, Short Communications, and Case Reports.

The charge form will be sent to the corresponding author on acceptance of an article for publication in the journal. Please be advised that the publication of the accepted manuscripts is dependent upon payment of the charge.


Important Announcement

We are pleased to announce that starting in January 2023;

Veterinary Research Forum will publish 12 monthly issues. The decision has been made to meet the great volume of reception received from academics and researchers across the world. We will firmly continue to maintain a tradition of publishing original and cutting-edge research across the scientific community.  


Important Notice for Publication
Hereunder we are announcing that the corrected proofs are being online after they receive DOI available at  Articles in Press.


Important notice 

Respected authors are strongly advised to take the time to read the Guide for Authors, otherwise, submissions not following the Veterinary Research Forum format will not be processed and the manuscript would be rejected, immediately.


Article publication charge (APC)

From  May 16th, 2022, manuscripts (National submissions only) that are accepted for publication in the Veterinary Research Forum are subjected to pay a mandatory charge of IRR 7,200,000 for Review/Original Articles and IRR 3,600,000 for Short Communications and Case Reports.


Isolation and molecular characteristics of a recombinant feline calicivirus from Qingdao, China

Yongxiang Liu; Lide Qin; Xiaoliang Hu; Yanmei Jiang

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 583-588

  Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a highly contagious pathogen seriously affecting the upper respiratory tract and producing oral diseases in the feline. Despite widespread vaccination, the prevalence of FCV remains high. In this study, the FCV qingdao (qd)/2019/china was isolated from a domestic feline oropharyngeal ...  Read More

The autumn activity patterns and time budgets of Forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) in captivity

Songwei Lin; Liquan Shen; Haoxiang Gao; Jiayi Wu; Qingxin Lv; Xin Zhou; Junsheng Li; Xiuxiang Meng

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 589-594

  Activity patterns and time budgets play a crucial role in the successful farming and management of animals. In this study, the behavior patterns of 53 forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) were analyzed from October 2nd to 16th, 2021, throughout the day and night. The results showed a distinct dawn–dusk ...  Read More

Prevalence and genotypes of Giardia duodenalis in shelter dogs of southeastern Türkiye

Burçak Aslan Çelik; Özgür Yaşar Çelik; Akın Koçhan; Adnan Ayan; Özlem Orunç Kılınç; Gürkan Akyıldız; Kıvanç İrak; Özge Oktay Ayan; Kerem Ercan

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 595-599

  Giardia duodenalis is a protozoan parasite found in humans and several mammals. This parasite spreads worldwide and is generally recognized as a zoonotic agent being reported to be one of the most common causes of diarrhea in humans and animals. In this study, it was aimed to determine the prevalence ...  Read More

Effect of saponin on spermatogenesis and testicular structure in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Sadigheh Pashapour; Adel Saberivand; Amir Afshin Khaki; Maryam Saberivand

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 601-606

  About a third of human infertility is related to male factors. Of these, idiopathic-related infertility is not curable. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder affecting male impotence and fertility by increased production of free radicals and oxidative stress. Saponin, a glycosidic compound found ...  Read More

Trichoderma harzianum as fungicide and symbiont: is it safe for human and animals?

Amir Ali Shahbazfar; Marzieh Heidarieh; Samira Shahbazi; Hamed Askari

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 607-614

  Trichoderma species are considered as biological control agents against numerous phytopathogenic fungi. They are also helpful for plants as plant symbiont. This study aimed to identify harmful effects of Trichoderma in laboratory animals. In the first step, inhalation toxicity was studied. Six rats as ...  Read More

Whole-genome sequencing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 and comparison of its VP1-encoding region with two vaccine strains

Mehrnoosh Gadir; Seyed Mahmoud Azimi; Naser Harzandi; Behzad Hemati; Neda Eskandarzade

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 615-623

  Despite widespread vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease, many outbreaks still occur in endemic areas. We attempted to determine the genetic and antigenic properties of the O/PanAsia-2/QOM-15 foot-and-mouth disease virus new vaccine strain. Thus, whole-genome sequencing was used to identify vulnerable ...  Read More

Fish & Aquatic
Effects of dietary resveratrol supplementation on digestive enzymes activities and serum biochemistry of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Alireza Afzali-Kordmahalleh; Saeid Meshkini

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 625-630

  The effects of resveratrol as an anti-oxidant in improving growth and health have been shown in several experiments. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different dietary resveratrol inclusion levels on digestive enzymes activity and serum biochemistry of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ...  Read More

Small Animal Surgery
Surgical management of an aspirated bone in a Shih Tzu terrier dog: a case report

Vahid Ganjiani; Amin Bigham-Sadegh; Abdolhamid Meimandi-Parizi; Mohsen Nouroozi; Dariush Sarikhani; Parisa Afraz

Volume 14, Issue 11 , November 2023, Pages 631-633

  Foreign bodies in the respiratory tract (trachea/bronchus) are very rare conditions; therefore, it is not on top of the list of differential diagnoses in patients with chronic or severe cough, but its occurrence should not be considered unexpected. A 2-year-old male Shih Tzu terrier mix dog (9.20 kg) ...  Read More

Histopathology and molecular identification of Sarcocystis species forming macrocysts in slaughtered sheep and goats of Duhok, Iraq

Shivan Nawzad Hussein; Assel Anwer Ibrahim; Mohammed Shukri Shukur

Volume 14, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Pages 415-422

  This study aimed to identify Sarcocystis species isolated from macroscopic sarcocysts of naturally infected sheep and goats using histopathological and molecular studies. A total of 260 macrosarcocyst samples were randomly collected from 1,337 infected sheep and goats slaughtered at different abattoirs ...  Read More

Evaluating the effects of rifampin in the prevention of neurogenic symptoms and cardiac arrhythmias caused by the systemic toxicity of lidocaine in rats

Siamak Kazemi-Darabadi; Soodeh Tavakoli; Yousef Panahi; Hamid Akbari

Volume 14, Issue 10 , October 2023, , Pages 559-566

  Lidocaine toxicity is caused by unintended intravascular injection or overdose. Lidocaine is metabolized in the liver by the CYP3A4 isoenzyme. The objective was to investigate if the administration of rifampin could accelerate animal recovery and reduce the symptoms of lidocaine toxicity by induction ...  Read More

Molecular insights on skewing of sex ratio in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) supplemented with dietary calcium and magnesium

Sharanya Jeevendra Naidu; Arangasamy Arunachalam; Akeem Babatunde Sikiru; Selvaraju Sellappan; Backialakshmi Sekar; Ippala Janardhan Reddy; Raghavendra Bhatta

Volume 14, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Pages 405-413

  The effect of dietary calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) supplementation on serum biochemical parameters, steroid hormones, gene expression, and the sex ratio was investigated in female New Zealand white rabbits. A total of 25 rabbits were allocated into five treatment groups: The control group was fed ...  Read More

Identification of an additional N-glycosylation site and thermostable mutations within the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene of the Newcastle disease virus belonging to the VII.1.1 sub-genotype

Seyed Sajjad Babaeimarzangou; Manoochehr Allymehr; Aidin Molouki; Alireza Talebi; Mohammad Hossein Fallah Mehrabadi

Volume 14, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Pages 447-456

  Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is considered one of the most devastating avian viral patho-gens affecting the avian population, and it causes a significant economic burden on the poultry industry worldwide. The study aimed to gain deeper understanding of the molecular and phylogenetic analyses of the ...  Read More

Plasma microRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers in bovine endometritis caused by Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria

Arman Shokri; Reza Asadpour; Razi Jafai-joozani; Esmaeil Babaei; Abolfazl Hajibemani; Gholamreza Hamidian

Volume 14, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Pages 437-445

  The purpose was to identify differentially expressed plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) in cows with clinical and subclinical endometritis. In this study clinical endometritis (CE; n = 23) based on vaginal discharge score (VDS), subclinical endometritis (SCE; n = 17) based on VDS (0), and endometrial cytology ...  Read More

Diagnostic Imaging
Radiographic assessment of normal parameters of forelimb distal phalanx in Turkmen horses

Keramat Allah Khaledi; Ali Mirshahi; Kamran Sardari; Mohammad Azizzadeh; Samaneh Ghasemi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  The Turkmen horse is one of the oldest breeds in the world. The Turkmen horse has unique characteristics in agility, endurance, and jump, which was publicly acclaimed. Laminitis affects the limbs and decreases athletic performance. Radiographic evaluation is essential to confirm the sinking diagnosis ...  Read More

How origin of ovaries influences the vitrification outcome of bovine ovarian tissue: effects of side of ovaries and corpus luteum

Mohammadhamed Shahsavari; Gholamali Moghaddam; Kele Amaral Alves; Benner Geraldo alves; Laritza Ferreira de Lima; Golshan Azimi; Deysi jouana Dipaz Berrocal; Lucina Mascena Silva; Yago Pinto da Silva; Diego Alberto Montano Vizcarra; José Richardo de Figuereido; Ana Paula Ribeiro Rodrigues

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  Although cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has advanced greatly, it remains a challenge, and protocols should be optimized to handle the heterogeneous nature of ovarian samples. In an effort to address this factor, the present study evaluated the effects of corpus luteum (CL) and side of ovaries (right ...  Read More

Efficacy of light chain 3-fused protein multi epitope in protection of mice challenged with Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Somayeh Bahrami; Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi; Nader Mosavari; Fattah Sotoodehnejad; Mohammad Eslampanah

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  The new strategy for vaccine development such as the fused protein multi-epitope capable of preventing the reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBi) can be an effective strategy for controlling tuberculosis (TB) worldwide. This study was conducted to evaluate the immunity of experimentally ...  Read More

Clinical Pathology
Moelerella wisconsensis: first isolation from lungs and spleen of a horse infected with Streptococcus dysgalactia subsp. equisimilis

Canan Akdeniz İncili; Yesari Eröksüz; Barış Otlu; Emel Kara; Elif Seren Tanriverdi; Mehmet Özkan Timurkan; Hakan Kalender; Hatice Eröksüz

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  Moellerella wisconsensis is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacillus of Entero-bacteriaceae family, and it is an uncommon pathogen in domestic animals. To date, five cases were reported including two dogs, two cattle, and a goat. Streptococcus equisimilis is the second common bacterial agent after ...  Read More

Association between proliferation status of infected and non-infected mononuclear cells with tissue lesions in acute bovine theileriosis

Afsaneh Doulatkhah; Mohsen Maleki; Ahmad Nematollahi; Javad Ashrafi Helan; Golamreza Razmi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  Tropical or Mediterranean theileriosis in dairy cattle is widely distributed in many tropical regions of the world. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the proliferation status of mononuclear cells infected with Theileria annulata schizonts in different tissues and its relationship with the pathogenesis ...  Read More

Genetic diversity of Brucella melitensis isolates from sheep and goat milk in Iran

Heidar Rahimi; Amir Tukmechi; Ehsan Rashidian

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  The genetic diversity of Brucella strains has not been fully understood. To investigate this, the genetic characteristics of 64 isolates of Brucella melitensis from sheep and goats’ milk were studied using random fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat ...  Read More

Seroprevalence of antibodies to non-structural protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus in vaccinated dairy cattle

Seyed Mahmoud Azimi; Baharak Mohammadian; Mohammad Khezri

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), a highly contagious viral disease of livestock, is endemic in Iran. To investigate the prevalence of antibodies against 3ABC non-structural protein (NSP) of FMD virus, a cross-sectional study was conducted on dairy cattle in eight cities of Kurdistan Province from May to ...  Read More

Successful hormonal and chemical induction of prostate cancer in a rat model: practical guidelines

Elisabete Nascimento-Gonçalves; Ana Isabel Faustino-Rocha; Fernanda Seixas; Bruno Colaço; Rita Ferreira; Paula Alexandra Oliveira

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  Prostate cancer is a very common cancer in men, affecting approximately 1.40 million men worldwide in 2020. To improve the quality of life and survival of both animals and humans, effective therapeutic approaches have been developed and evaluated using animal models. The rat model of prostate cancer ...  Read More

Simultaneously administration of cabergoline and PMSG reduces the duration of estrus induction in anestrous bitches

Mohammad Bolghanabadi; Hamideh Salari Sedigh; Pezhman Mirshokraei; Masoud Rajabioun

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 August 2023

  This study designed a protocol that would combine pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and cabergoline (CAB) to induce estrus in bitches. Twenty clinically healthy adult and anestrous female dogs were randomly assigned into four groups. The first group was treated with 5.00 μg kg-1 CAB until the ...  Read More

Co-infection of Bluetongue Virus Serotypes 12 and 16 in sheep from Haryana, India

Sushila Maan; Anita Dalal; Naresh Kumar Kakker; Deepika Chaudhary; Aman Kumar; Narender Singh Maan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 24 October 2023

  Abstract: World Organization for Animal Health has listed bluetongue (BT) under notifiable diseases. BT is an arboviral infectious disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by the bluetongue virus (BTV). Southern states of India had remained the point of attention for BT since first presence in 1964 ...  Read More

Comparison of the sedative and cardiovascular effects of the combination of acepromazine-clonidine versus acepromazine-xylazine in horses

Pgah Parhizkar; Rahim Mohammadi; seyed Mohammad Hashami-Asl; Ghader Jalilzadeh-Amin; Farshid Sarrafzadeh-Rezaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 November 2023

  The aim of this study was to compare the sedative and cardiovascular effects of the combination of acepromazine-clonidine versus acepromazine-xylazine in horses. Four healthy crossbred horses were included in the study. They were assigned to two treatments. In treatment I (T1), the animals received xylazine ...  Read More

Journal Metrics (Real-time)

Acceptance Rate: 13

Number of Submissions: 3,041

Number of Contributors: 2,716

Accepted Submissions: 399

Article View: 1,031,204

PDF Download: 756,502

Time to Accept (Days): 146

Number of Indexing Databases: 28

Number of Reviewers: 2345

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University

Hossein Tajik

Farshid Sarrafzadeh-Rezaei

Executive Manager:
Mehdi Behfar

Language Editor:
Mojtaba Hadian Rahim Mohammadi Ali Shalizar-Jalali

Frequency: Monthly

Print ISSN: 2008-8140

Online ISSN: 2322-3618

Web of Science





IF (2020) = 0.116

National Library of Medicine

NLM ID: 101625812

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