Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Medical Microbiology, Parasitology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

3 Department of Poultry Health and Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran


Coccidiosis is the leading parasitic disease in poultry. One of the most critical Eimeria species, Eimeria tenella, lives inside the cecal epithelial cells and induces bloody coccidiosis. The present study evaluated the effect of radiation-attenuated E. tenella oocytes mixed with inulin adjuvant on broiler chicken. Initially, the effect of irradiation on oocyst attenuation was confirmed. Then, one-day-old broilers (n = 90) were divided into nine groups on seven days of age as follow: Group 1 (400 attenuated oocysts + 1.00 mg of adjuvant), group 2 (400 attenuated oocysts + 0.50 mg adjuvant), group 3 (200 attenuated oocysts + 1.00 mg of adjuvant), group 4 (200 attenuated oocysts + 0.50 mg adjuvant), group 5 (1.00 mg adjuvant), group 6 (400 attenuated oocysts), group 7 (commercial vaccine), group 8 (negative control) and group 9 (blank). On day 21, we performed a challenge with E. tenella oocytes and investigated oocyst output and average weekly weight throughout the study. At the end of the study, we evaluated macroscopic lesion, histology, cytokine level and leukogram status. The results showed a statistically significant difference among groups. Furthermore, the optimal dose was 400 irradiated oocysts and 1.00 mg of inulin. Moreover, an X-ray could reduce the virulence of E. tenella oocytes. Inulin alone or combined with attenuated oocysts showed an acceptable effect on evaluated parameters.


Main Subjects

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