Document Type : Original Article


1 Urmia University

2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3 Urmia Univrsity

4 Department of poultry diseases, Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Urmia


The poultry products are known as a resource of zoonotic and multi drug resistant pathogens, especially Salmonella spp. Using bacteriophages as an alternative antimicrobial agent are objective. Salmonella typhimurium isolate from turkey poults. The antibiotic susceptibility test was used identified the antibiotic resistance pattern of the isolates. The bacteriophage was purified, enhanced, and titrated using the Spot test and Double Layer Agar techniques after being isolated from a chicken slaughterhouse and sewage treatment facility. By determining the morphological characteristics of resulting plaque, the specificity and host range of the phage were studied on S. typhimurium isolates. The number of 22 suspected Salmonella isolates was confirmed biochemically positive in sample by cultures method. Nine of these isolates (40.90%) were identified as Salmonella typhimurium by Polymerase Chain Reaction. All of isolates (100%) were resistant to Chloramphenicol, Doxycycline, Kanamycin, Florfenicol, Rifampin, and Erythromycin. Seven isolates (77.70%) were resistant to Amoxicillin and Nalidixic acid. The plaques were present with a diameter of 3 ± 0.22 mm on the culture of 6 out of 9 (66.60%) isolates of S. typhimurium on the B.H.I broth medium using Double Layer Agar method. The amount of phage titer was 7.6 × 107 pfu/ mL and its Multiplicity of infection value was calculated as 5.06 × 10-2 based on obtained results. In place of antibiotics, the MDR S. typhimurium was successfully destroyed by the isolated bacteriophage from wastewater. In vitro settings were used in this investigation to identify the efficient bacteriophages against MDR S. typhimurium.


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