Document Type : Short Communication


1 Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Sub-Campus, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore), Jhang, Pakistan


The Cholistani cow is considered one of the milch breeds of Zebu cattle. Despite being heat and tick-resistant, it has not yet gained much popularity among Pakistan dairy farmers due to its long calving interval. This study aimed to understand the basic reproductive physiology of Cholistani cows using sonography and reproductive biotechnologies such as estrus synchronization and timed artificial insemination to improve reproductive efficiency. In experiment 1, six Cholistani cows with mixed parity 3.20 ± 1.30 and weighing 400 kg were selected to monitor ovarian dynamics on alternate days by the same sonographer from the onset of heat through ovulation until the next ovulation. Experiment 2 measured the effect of estrus synchronization methods, controlled internal drug release-gonadotropin-releasing hormone (CIDR-GnRH, n = 31) and Ovsynch (OVS, n = 32) on various reproductive parameters. The mean estrous cycle length was 19.81 ± 0.56 days with two follicular waves. The mean inter-ovulatory interval was 20.80 ± 0.52 days, with a preovulatory follicular size of 13.83 ± 2.37 mm. Estrus response was higher (p > 0.05) in controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-GnRH (93.54%) than in OVS (84.37%) cows. Similarly, ovulation and conception rates were higher in CIDR-GnRH (91.66% vs. 68.42%) than in OVS cows (41.37% vs. 33.33%), respectively. In conclusion, CIDR-GnRH results in a better estrus response, higher ovulation rate, and subsequently greater conception rate than OVS in Bos indicus dairy cows.


Main Subjects

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